, Volume 256, Issue 3, pp 405-415
Date: 18 Mar 2009

The efficacy of natalizumab in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis: subgroup analyses of AFFIRM and SENTINEL

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Abstract

The AFFIRM and SENTINEL studies showed that natalizumab was effective both as monotherapy and in combination with interferon beta (IFNβ)-1a in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS). Further analyses of AFFIRM and SENTINEL data were conducted to determine the efficacy of natalizumab in prespecified patient subgroups according to baseline characteristics: relapse history 1 year before randomization (1, 2, ≥ 3), Expanded Disability Status Scale score (≤ 3.5, > 3.5), number of T2 lesions (< 9, ≥ 9), presence of gadolinium-enhancing (Gd+) lesions (0, ≥ 1), age (< 40, ≥ 40) and gender (male, female). A post hoc analysis was conducted to determine the efficacy of natalizumab in patients with highly active disease (i. e., ≥ 2 relapses in the year before study entry and ≥ 1 Gd+ lesion at study entry). In both AFFIRM and SENTINEL studies natalizumab reduced the annualized relapse rates across all subgroups (except the small subgroups with < 9 baseline T2 lesions) over 2 years. In AFFIRM, natalizumab significantly reduced the risk of sustained disability progression in most subgroups. In SENTINEL, natalizumab significantly reduced the risk of sustained disability progression in the following subgroups: ≥ 9 T2 lesions at baseline, ≥ 1 Gd+ lesions at baseline, female patients and patients < 40 years of age. Natalizumab reduced the risk of disability progression by 64 % and relapse rate by 81 % in treatment- naive patients with highly active disease and by 58 % and 76 %, respectively, in patients with highly active disease despite IFNβ-1a treatment. These results indicate that natalizumab is effective in reducing disability progres- sion and relapses in patients with relapsing MS, particularly in patients with highly active disease.

An erratum to this article is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-009-5183-6.