Journal of Neurology

, 255:1526

Electrophysiological features of late-onset transthyretin Met30 familial amyloid polyneuropathy unrelated to endemic foci

  • H. Koike
  • Y. Kawagashira
  • M. Iijima
  • M. Yamamoto
  • N. Hattori
  • F. Tanaka
  • M. Hirayama
  • Y. Ando
  • S.-i. Ikeda
  • G. Sobue
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATION

DOI: 10.1007/s00415-008-0962-z

Cite this article as:
Koike, H., Kawagashira, Y., Iijima, M. et al. J Neurol (2008) 255: 1526. doi:10.1007/s00415-008-0962-z

Abstract

Background

Through the development of gene diagnostic techniques, late-onset transthyretin Met30-associated familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP TTR Met30) has been shown to be more prevalent than is generally believed.

Objective

To examine the electrophysiological features of late-onset FAP TTR Met30 unrelated to endemic foci.

Methods

Nerve conduction findings in 44 cases with an onset of more than 50 years of age in a non-endemic area were assessed and compared with findings from 21 earlier-onset cases related to endemic foci.

Results

The extent of the reduction of the compound muscle action potential and, especially, the sensory nerve action potential was more profound in the late-onset group even when the decline of these indices with aging in normal control subjects was taken into account. The feature of predominant lower-limb involvement seemed to be more conspicuous in the late-onset group. Electrophysiological indices tended to be aggravated as the duration of neuropathic symptoms increased in the early-onset group, while most of these indices in the lateonset group did not show this correlation. A slowing of conduction velocity and a prolongation of distal latency, which suggests demyelination, were conspicuous in some patients. Pathologically, a predominant loss of small-fibers was not conspicuous in sural nerve biopsy specimens from late-onset patients. Large myelinated fiber density showed a negative correlation with the disease duration in early-onset cases, but not in late-onset cases.

Conclusions

Electrophysiological differences between late- and early-onset cases were present, probably reflecting the different underlying pathogenic mechanisms of neuropathy. The demyelinating feature does not exclude the possibility of this disease.

Key words

familial amyloid polyeuropathy amyloid transthyretin 

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Koike
    • 1
  • Y. Kawagashira
    • 1
  • M. Iijima
    • 1
  • M. Yamamoto
    • 2
  • N. Hattori
    • 1
  • F. Tanaka
    • 1
  • M. Hirayama
    • 1
  • Y. Ando
    • 3
  • S.-i. Ikeda
    • 4
  • G. Sobue
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of NeurologyNagoya University Graduate School of MedicineNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Dept. of Speech Pathology and AudiologyAichi Gakuin University School of Health ScienceAichiJapan
  3. 3.Dept. of Diagnostic MedicineKumamoto University School of MedicineKumamotoJapan
  4. 4.Third Dept. of Medicine ShinshuUniversity School of MedicineMatsumotoJapan

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