Journal of Neurology

, 254:646

Secondary “hypnic headache-


DOI: 10.1007/s00415-006-0424-4

Cite this article as:
Gil-Gouveia, R. & Goadsby, P.J. J Neurol (2007) 254: 646. doi:10.1007/s00415-006-0424-4


Hypnic headache is a rare form of primary headache with attacks occurring exclusively with sleep. As it is typical of the elderly, a wide range of alternative diagnosis must be considered. We present a case report of a 54-year-old woman with unsuspected secondary hypnic headache that was relieved by anti-hypertensive therapy. We reviewed the literature to evaluate the usual diagnostic workup performed in hypnic headache patients. We suggest that 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring may be included in the evaluation of nocturnal headache complaints especially in the elderly, in whom essential hypertension is a very frequent comorbidity.

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© Steinkopff-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Headache GroupInstitute of NeurologyLondonWC1N 3BGUK
  2. 2.The National Hospital for Neurology and NeurosurgeryLondonUK