Time-dependent expression and distribution of monoacylglycerol lipase during the skin-incised wound healing in mice
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- Ma, WX., Yu, TS., Fan, YY. et al. Int J Legal Med (2011) 125: 549. doi:10.1007/s00414-011-0567-4
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The study investigated the expression of monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL) during the skin-incised wound healing in mice and applicability of the time-dependent expression of MGL to wound age determination by immunofluorescent staining, Western blotting, and real-time PCR. Furthermore, cell types were identified by double immunofluorescence. A total of 45 BALB/c male mice were used in this study. After a 1.5-cm-long incision in the central dorsum skin, mice were killed at intervals ranging from 6 h to 14 days, followed by the sampling of wound margin. In the control, there was a low-level expression of MGL in the epidermis, hair follicles, and glandulae sebaceae. In the injured skin, MGL immunoreactivity was mainly detected in the neutrophils, macrophages, and myofibroblasts. Morphometrically, the average ratios of MGL-positive cells were more than 50% at 5 and 7 days post-wounding, whereas it was <50% at the other posttraumatic intervals. By Western blotting analysis, the average ratio of MGL protein expression was highest at 5 days after injury, which had a ratio of >2.30. Similarly, the relative quantity of MGL mRNA expression maximized at posttraumatic 5 days in comparison with control as detected by real-time PCR, with an average ratio of >2.54. In conclusion, MGL expression is detected in neutrophils, macrophages, and myofibroblasts and significantly up-regulated, suggesting that it may play roles in response to inflammation during skin-incised wound healing. From the viewpoint of forensic pathology, MGL detection is applicable to skin wound age determination.