Original Article

International Journal of Legal Medicine

, Volume 122, Issue 3, pp 219-223

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Analysis of Y chromosome STR haplotypes in the European part of Russia reveals high diversities but non-significant genetic distances between populations

  • Lutz RoewerAffiliated withDepartment of Forensic Genetics, Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Email author 
  • , Sascha WilluweitAffiliated withDepartment of Forensic Genetics, Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Charité-Universitätsmedizin
  • , Carmen KrügerAffiliated withDepartment of Forensic Genetics, Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Charité-Universitätsmedizin
  • , Marion NagyAffiliated withDepartment of Forensic Genetics, Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Charité-Universitätsmedizin
  • , Sergey RychkovAffiliated withN.I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • , Irina MorozowaAffiliated withN.I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • , Oksana NaumovaAffiliated withN.I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • , Yuriy SchneiderAffiliated withN.I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • , Olga ZhukovaAffiliated withN.I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences
    • , Mark StonekingAffiliated withDepartment of Evolutionary Genetics, Max-Planck-Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology
    • , Ivan NasidzeAffiliated withDepartment of Evolutionary Genetics, Max-Planck-Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology

Abstract

A total of 17 Y-specific STR loci were studied in 12 districts of the European part of Russia aiming to ascertain the amount of substructure required for the construction of a representative regional database. All groups exhibited high haplotype diversities but low inter-population variance as measured by an analysis of molecular variance. However, when Western Russia is taken as a whole, the genetic distances to the neighbouring populations were significant. Whereas gradual change in the Y chromosome pool exists between Russia and the Slavic-speaking populations to the West, remarkable discontinuities were observed with neighbouring populations in the East, North and South.

Keywords

Y Chromosome STRs Haplotypes Population database AMOVA Russian Federation