, Volume 107, Issue 6-7, pp 386-396

The hBUB1 and hBUBR1 kinases sequentially assemble onto kinetochores during prophase with hBUBR1 concentrating at the kinetochore plates in mitosis

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Abstract.

The kinetochore binds an evolutionarily conserved set of checkpoint proteins that function to monitor whether chromosomes have aligned properly at the spindle equator. Human cells contain two related protein kinases, hBUB1 and hBUBR1, that appear to have evolved from a single ancestral BUB1 gene. We generated hBUB1- and hBUBR1-specific antibodies so that the localization patterns of these kinases could be directly compared. In the human U2OS osteosarcoma cell line, hBUB1 first appeared at kinetochores during early prophase before all kinetochores were occupied by hBUBR1 or CENP-F. Both proteins remained at kinetochores throughout mitosis but their staining intensity was reduced from anaphase onward. Kinetochores of unaligned chromosomes exhibited stronger hBUB1 and hBUBR1 staining. Immunoelectron microscopy showed that hBUBR1 appeared to be concentrated in the outer kinetochore plate and in some instances the inner plate as well. When chromosome spreads were examined by light microscopy, hBUB1 and hBUBR1 were coincident with CENP-E. This suggests that both kinases are concentrated near the surface of the kinetochore where they can monitor kinetochore-microtubule interactions.

Received: 8 August 1998 / Accepted: 13 September 1998