Chromosoma

, Volume 126, Issue 1, pp 1–15

DNA replication stress: from molecular mechanisms to human disease

Review

DOI: 10.1007/s00412-016-0573-x

Cite this article as:
Muñoz, S. & Méndez, J. Chromosoma (2017) 126: 1. doi:10.1007/s00412-016-0573-x

Abstract

The genome of proliferating cells must be precisely duplicated in each cell division cycle. Chromosomal replication entails risks such as the possibility of introducing breaks and/or mutations in the genome. Hence, DNA replication requires the coordinated action of multiple proteins and regulatory factors, whose deregulation causes severe developmental diseases and predisposes to cancer. In recent years, the concept of “replicative stress” (RS) has attracted much attention as it impinges directly on genomic stability and offers a promising new avenue to design anticancer therapies. In this review, we summarize recent progress in three areas: (1) endogenous and exogenous factors that contribute to RS, (2) molecular mechanisms that mediate the cellular responses to RS, and (3) the large list of diseases that are directly or indirectly linked to RS.

Keywords

DNA replication Replicative stress Replication fork Replication origin Checkpoint DNA repair 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DNA Replication Group, Molecular Oncology ProgrammeSpanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO)MadridSpain

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