FANCJ/BRIP1 recruitment and regulation of FANCD2 in DNA damage responses
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- Zhang, F., Fan, Q., Ren, K. et al. Chromosoma (2010) 119: 637. doi:10.1007/s00412-010-0285-6
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FANCJ/BRIP1 encodes a helicase that has been implicated in the maintenance of genomic stability. Here, to better understand FANCJ function in DNA damage responses, we have examined the regulation of its cellular localization. FANCJ nuclear foci assemble spontaneously during S phase and are induced by various stresses. FANCJ foci colocalize with the replication fork following treatment with hydroxyurea, but not spontaneously. Using FANCJ mutants, we find that FANCJ helicase activity and the capacity to bind BRCA1 are both involved in FANCJ recruitment. Given similarities to the recruitment of another Fanconi anemia protein, FANCD2, we tested for colocalization of FANCJ and FANCD2. Importantly, these proteins show substantial colocalization, and FANCJ promotes the assembly of FANCD2 nuclear foci. This process is linked to the proper localization of FANCJ itself since both FANCJ and FANCD2 nuclear foci are compromised by FANCJ mutants that abrogate its helicase activity or interaction with BRCA1. Our results suggest that FANCJ is recruited in response to replication stress and that FANCJ/BRIP1 may serve to link FANCD2 to BRCA1.