Radiation and Environmental Biophysics

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 549–565

Whole-body to tissue concentration ratios for use in biota dose assessments for animals

Authors

    • Environment and ForestrySaskatchewan Research Council (SRC)
  • Nicholas A. Beresford
    • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre
  • Michael D. Wood
    • School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of Liverpool
  • Tasuo Aono
    • Office of Biospheric Assessment for Waste Disposal, National Institute of Radiological Sciences
  • Pål Andersson
    • Swedish Radiation Safety Authority
  • Catherine L. Barnett
    • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre
  • Pamela Bennett
    • AREVA Resources Canada
  • Justin E. Brown
    • Department of Emergency Preparedness and Environmental RadioactivityNorwegian Radiation Protection Authority
  • Sergey Fesenko
    • Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications, Agency’s LaboratoriesInternational Atomic Energy Agency
  • J. Fesenko
    • Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology
  • Ali Hosseini
    • Department of Emergency Preparedness and Environmental RadioactivityNorwegian Radiation Protection Authority
  • Brenda J. Howard
    • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre
  • Mathew P. Johansen
    • Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation
  • Marcel M. Phaneuf
    • Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications, Agency’s LaboratoriesInternational Atomic Energy Agency
  • Keiko Tagami
    • Office of Biospheric Assessment for Waste Disposal, National Institute of Radiological Sciences
  • Hyoe Takata
    • Office of Biospheric Assessment for Waste Disposal, National Institute of Radiological Sciences
  • John R. Twining
    • Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation
  • Shigeo Uchida
    • Office of Biospheric Assessment for Waste Disposal, National Institute of Radiological Sciences
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s00411-010-0323-z

Cite this article as:
Yankovich, T.L., Beresford, N.A., Wood, M.D. et al. Radiat Environ Biophys (2010) 49: 549. doi:10.1007/s00411-010-0323-z

Abstract

Environmental monitoring programs often measure contaminant concentrations in animal tissues consumed by humans (e.g., muscle). By comparison, demonstration of the protection of biota from the potential effects of radionuclides involves a comparison of whole-body doses to radiological dose benchmarks. Consequently, methods for deriving whole-body concentration ratios based on tissue-specific data are required to make best use of the available information. This paper provides a series of look-up tables with whole-body:tissue-specific concentration ratios for non-human biota. Focus was placed on relatively broad animal categories (including molluscs, crustaceans, freshwater fishes, marine fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals) and commonly measured tissues (specifically, bone, muscle, liver and kidney). Depending upon organism, whole-body to tissue concentration ratios were derived for between 12 and 47 elements. The whole-body to tissue concentration ratios can be used to estimate whole-body concentrations from tissue-specific measurements. However, we recommend that any given whole-body to tissue concentration ratio should not be used if the value falls between 0.75 and 1.5. Instead, a value of one should be assumed.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010