Radiation and Environmental Biophysics

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 549–565

Whole-body to tissue concentration ratios for use in biota dose assessments for animals

  • Tamara L. Yankovich
  • Nicholas A. Beresford
  • Michael D. Wood
  • Tasuo Aono
  • Pål Andersson
  • Catherine L. Barnett
  • Pamela Bennett
  • Justin E. Brown
  • Sergey Fesenko
  • J. Fesenko
  • Ali Hosseini
  • Brenda J. Howard
  • Mathew P. Johansen
  • Marcel M. Phaneuf
  • Keiko Tagami
  • Hyoe Takata
  • John R. Twining
  • Shigeo Uchida
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s00411-010-0323-z

Cite this article as:
Yankovich, T.L., Beresford, N.A., Wood, M.D. et al. Radiat Environ Biophys (2010) 49: 549. doi:10.1007/s00411-010-0323-z

Abstract

Environmental monitoring programs often measure contaminant concentrations in animal tissues consumed by humans (e.g., muscle). By comparison, demonstration of the protection of biota from the potential effects of radionuclides involves a comparison of whole-body doses to radiological dose benchmarks. Consequently, methods for deriving whole-body concentration ratios based on tissue-specific data are required to make best use of the available information. This paper provides a series of look-up tables with whole-body:tissue-specific concentration ratios for non-human biota. Focus was placed on relatively broad animal categories (including molluscs, crustaceans, freshwater fishes, marine fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals) and commonly measured tissues (specifically, bone, muscle, liver and kidney). Depending upon organism, whole-body to tissue concentration ratios were derived for between 12 and 47 elements. The whole-body to tissue concentration ratios can be used to estimate whole-body concentrations from tissue-specific measurements. However, we recommend that any given whole-body to tissue concentration ratio should not be used if the value falls between 0.75 and 1.5. Instead, a value of one should be assumed.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tamara L. Yankovich
    • 1
  • Nicholas A. Beresford
    • 3
  • Michael D. Wood
    • 4
  • Tasuo Aono
    • 5
  • Pål Andersson
    • 6
  • Catherine L. Barnett
    • 3
  • Pamela Bennett
    • 2
  • Justin E. Brown
    • 7
  • Sergey Fesenko
    • 8
  • J. Fesenko
    • 9
  • Ali Hosseini
    • 7
  • Brenda J. Howard
    • 3
  • Mathew P. Johansen
    • 10
  • Marcel M. Phaneuf
    • 8
  • Keiko Tagami
    • 5
  • Hyoe Takata
    • 5
  • John R. Twining
    • 10
  • Shigeo Uchida
    • 5
  1. 1.Environment and ForestrySaskatchewan Research Council (SRC)SaskatoonCanada
  2. 2.AREVA Resources CanadaSaskatoonCanada
  3. 3.Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment CentreLancasterUK
  4. 4.School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpool, MerseysideUK
  5. 5.Office of Biospheric Assessment for Waste Disposal, National Institute of Radiological SciencesChibaJapan
  6. 6.Swedish Radiation Safety AuthorityStockholmSweden
  7. 7.Department of Emergency Preparedness and Environmental RadioactivityNorwegian Radiation Protection AuthorityØsteråsNorway
  8. 8.Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications, Agency’s LaboratoriesInternational Atomic Energy AgencyViennaAustria
  9. 9.Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and AgroecologyObninskRussia
  10. 10.Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationMenaiAustralia