Long-term effects of a psychoeducational psychotherapeutic intervention for schizophrenic outpatients and their key-persons – results of a five-year follow-up
- Cite this article as:
- Hornung, W., Feldmann, R., Klingberg, S. et al. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences (1999) 249: 162. doi:10.1007/s004060050082
- 168 Downloads
The study examines long-term effects on rehospitalization rates of a psychoeducationally and cognitive-behaviorally oriented intervention for schizophrenic outpatients and their key-persons. 191 patients and their key-persons were allocated by random into four different treatment groups and one control group. Five years after completion of treatment 126 patients were reexamined by interviews or case notes. The rate of patients experiencing psychiatric rehospitalization during the follow-up was assessed in each respective treatment group. Concerning rehospitalization rates there was no significant difference between controls (n = 35) and patients of the four treatment groups (n = 91). There were, however, fewer rehospitalized patients in the group with combined psychoeducational and cognitive treatment, including key-person counselling (42%), than in the control group (69%). Regarding the overall functioning, the patients in this treatment group did slightly better than those in the control group. These results are in accordance with the findings of comparable studies.