Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is associated with metabolic syndrome and inflammation
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- Lin, QC., Chen, LD., Yu, YH. et al. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol (2014) 271: 825. doi:10.1007/s00405-013-2669-8
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the influence of OSA on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and inflammation, which were considered as cardiovascular risks. A total of 144 consecutive male patients who underwent standard polysomnography were enrolled. Fasting blood samples were obtained from all patients for glucose, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and lipids measurement. A metabolic score was established as the total number of the positive diagnostic criteria of metabolic syndrome for each patient. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose, hs-CRP and metabolic score significantly increased with the aggravation of OSA severity. Metabolic score increased from 1.74 ± 1.20 to 2.89 ± 0.99 with OSA severity (p = 0.000). hs-CRP increased from 0.68 (0.43–1.10) to 1.44 (0.62–4.02) mg/L with OSA severity (p = 0.002). After adjustment for confounders, apnea–hypopnea index and body mass index (BMI) were the major contributing factors for metabolic score (β = 0.257, p = 0.003 and β = 0.344, p = 0.000, respectively), lowest O2 saturation and BMI were the independent predictors of hs-CRP (β = −0.255, p = 0.003 and β = 0.295, p = 0.001, respectively). OSA is independently associated with sum of metabolic components and hs-CRP.