Transoral laser resection versus lip-split mandibulotomy in the management of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC): a case match study
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- Williams, C.E., Kinshuck, A.J., Derbyshire, S.G. et al. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol (2014) 271: 367. doi:10.1007/s00405-013-2501-5
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The objective of this study was to compare transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) with lip-split mandibulotomy (LSM) and radial forearm free-flap reconstruction, for the resection of squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx (SCCOP). This study is designed as a case–control study matching 24 patients treated with TLM for SCCOP with those treated with LSM. Patients were matched by age (in 5-year epochs), sex, TNM stage, tumour sub site and type of neck dissection. Each group comprised 20 males and 4 females (mean age 56 years). Seven patients treated with TLM had an elective tracheostomy compared with all patients undergoing LSM. Moreover, the time for decanulation was reduced in patients undergoing tracheostomy for TLM. Although similar rates of patients were able to swallow to some degree on discharge, 29 % of patients having LSM were discharged requiring enterostomy feeding compared with 4 % of patients treated using TLM. Of those able to swallow on discharge, patients who had TLM resumed swallowing in half the time taken for those having LSM. Moreover, those treated with TLM remained in hospital for half the length of time than those treated with LSM. Due to these factors, overall cost for TLM is reduced in comparison with LSM. In comparison with LSM, TLM for the treatment of SCCOP results in fewer tracheostomies and shorter time to decanulation; a quicker recovery of swallowing function and a reduced length of hospital stay. As a result of this, treatment with TLM is on average cheaper. These factors should be considered when deciding on the surgical treatment of a patient with SCCOP.