, Volume 270, Issue 4, pp 1513-1520,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Evaluating d-methionine dose to attenuate oxidative stress-mediated hearing loss following overexposure to noise

Abstract

Noise exposure causes an excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation as an unwanted byproduct of high metabolic activity. Oxidative stress and antioxidative protective mechanisms have been therefore proposed as the most interesting issues in the development of noise-induced hearing loss. The aim of this study was to examine changes in superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and the auditory brainstem response (ABR) in the cochlea of C57BL/6 mice 1, 7 and 14 days after exposure to 4 kHz octave band noise at the intensity of 110 dB SPL for 8 h. The evaluation of three d-methionine (d-met) doses (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) has been performed in order to choose an optimal concentration displaying most effectively its antioxidant and thereby otoprotective functions. Administering d-met at the dose of 400 mg/kg resulted in a significant decrease in threshold shift (TS) independently of the evaluation time after exposure to noise. SOD activity was strongly supported by the same concentration (400 mg/kg) of d-met. This effect was seen not shortly, but 7 and 14 days after exposure to noise. CAT activity was induced only by noise and it reached the peak levels 7 days after exposure. d-Met at the doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg significantly decreased noise-induced changes in CAT activity. The findings of this study indicate that the protective effect depends on the concentration of d-met and can be fully expressed only when the drug is administered in the dose 400 mg/kg.