Behavioral trends in young children with conductive hearing loss: a case–control study
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- Gouma, P., Mallis, A., Daniilidis, V. et al. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol (2011) 268: 63. doi:10.1007/s00405-010-1346-4
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a common condition affecting children and a well-known cause of conductive hearing loss that can potentially lead to speech development disorders. Recent studies, however, have demonstrated the influence of OME on development of attention disorders or social adaptation and acceptance. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the behavioral trends of children with OME based on the Achenbach test. A group of 117 patients with episodes of OME at the age of 4–5 was compared with a control group according to the Achenbach system of evaluation, by application of the Child Behavior Checklist questionnaire (CBCL). Patients suffering from OME had more anxiety/depression related disorders and attention disorders as compared with the control group. The psychological effect of OME in children of ages 6–8 is evident with anxiety and depression disorders being especially prominent among these patients.