General Gynecology

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 290, Issue 1, pp 93-98

First online:

Apple consumption is related to better sexual quality of life in young women

  • Tommaso CaiAffiliated withDepartment of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital Email author 
  • , Mauro GacciAffiliated withDepartment of Urology, Careggi Hospital, University of Florence
  • , Fulvio MattiviAffiliated withFood Quality and Nutrition Department, Fondazione Edmund Mach, IASMA Research and Innovation Centre
  • , Nicola MondainiAffiliated withDepartment of Urology, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, University of Florence
  • , Serena MignoAffiliated withDepartment of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University of Florence
  • , Vieri BoddiAffiliated withDepartment of Public Health, University of Florence
  • , Paolo GacciAffiliated withDepartment of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital
  • , Beatrice DettiAffiliated withDepartment of Radiotherapy, Careggi Hospital
  • , Paolo GonteroAffiliated withDepartment of Urology, University of Turin
    • , Stefano ChiodiniAffiliated withDepartment of Urology, University of Verona
    • , Liliana MereuAffiliated withDepartment of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital
    • , Saverio TateoAffiliated withDepartment of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital
    • , Sandra MazzoliAffiliated withSexually Transmitted Disease Centre, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital
    • , Gianni MalossiniAffiliated withDepartment of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital
    • , Riccardo BartolettiAffiliated withDepartment of Urology, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, University of Florence

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Abstract

Introduction

Even if some evidence exists of a positive correlation between regular intake of phytoestrogens, polyphenols, antioxidants and women’s sexual health, there is not a study addressing the potential correlation between daily apple consumption and women’s sexual function. We aim to assess whether there is a tie between daily apple intake and sexual function in a sample of healthy young sexually active Italian women, not complaining of any sexual disorders.

Materials and methods

Seven hundred and thirty-one women (mean age 31.9, range 18–43) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study (from September 2011 to April 2012). All participants completed anonymously the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and were asked to report on their amount of daily apple consumption and their eating habits. On the basis of apple consumption all women were split into two groups: Group A––regular daily apple consumption, Group B––no regular apple consumption (<1 apple/day). The main outcome measure was the FSFI questionnaire result.

Results

Three hundred and forty-three women reported a regular daily apple intake and were classified in Group A, while 388 were included in Group B. Group A had a significantly higher total (p = 0.001; Cohen’s d = 3.39) and lubrication domain (p = 0.001; Cohen’s d = 3.02) FSFI scores than participants in Group B. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that daily apple intake must be considered as an independent parameter (p = 0.002) in predicting a better score at questionnaire examination.

Discussion

This study suggests a potential relationship between regular daily apple consumption and better sexuality in our young women population.

Keywords

Apple Polyphenols Mediterranean diet Quality of life Female sexual function FSFI questionnaire