, Volume 288, Issue 3, pp 655-666
Date: 31 Mar 2013

Bevacizumab in the treatment of ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis from four phase III randomized controlled trials

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Abstract

Background

The aim of this meta-analysis was to summarize the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab in the treatment of ovarian cancer.

Methods

We sought to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) by searching PubMed and Web of Science. Outcomes were objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and adverse events.

Results

Four studies with 4,246 patients were included. Combination of bevacizumab and chemotherapy resulted in a statistically significant improvement in ORR (OR 2.165, 95 % CI 1.511–3.103) and in PFS (HR 0.691, 95 % CI 0.517–0.865), compared with chemotherapy alone. There was no evidence of a significant improvement in OS (HR 0.934, 95 % CI 0.826–1.041). It also had significantly increased risk of gastrointestinal events (OR 2.743, 95 % CI 1.580–4.763; P < 0.001), hypertension (OR 4.630, 95 % CI 3.737 to 5.737; P < 0.001), proteinuria (OR 4.872, 95 % CI 2.617–9.069; P < 0.001), and arterial thromboembolism (OR 1.994, 95 % CI 1.210–3.286; P = 0.007).

Conclusion

This meta-analysis suggests that the addition of bevacizumab to chemotherapy offers meaningful improvement in objective response rate and progression-free survival in ovarian cancer treatment, but does not benefit overall survival. It also significantly increased the occurrence of gastrointestinal events, hypertension, proteinuria, and arterial thromboembolism.