Malignant mixed müllerian tumor of the fallopian tube: report of two cases and review of literature
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- Shen, YM., Xie, YP., Xu, L. et al. Arch Gynecol Obstet (2010) 281: 1023. doi:10.1007/s00404-009-1331-6
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Malignant mixed müllerian tumors (MMMT) of the female genital tract is rare and it is extremely rare in the fallopian tube, with fewer than 53 cases reported in the literature.
We had experienced two cases of MMMT of the fallopian tube. The clinical features, pathologic findings, diagnosis, therapy, and outcome were reviewed.
The clinical features and diagnosis were similar to those of primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube. Histologically, the two patients had homologous and heterologous elements mixed müllerian tumors. Treatment has focused on surgery with postoperative chemotherapy. Prognosis is poor, with fewer than half of patients surviving 2 years.
MMMT of fallopian tube is an uncommon carcinoma in the female genital tract. Cervical cytology and endometrial curettage could raise the suspicion of a tubal malignancy, but diagnosis is not usually made until the time of surgery. The patient survival will improve after surgery and postoperative chemotherapy.