, Volume 269, Issue 4, pp 278-281
Date: 06 Mar 2004

Retrospective analysis of 25 women with malignant cystosarcoma phyllodes—treatment results

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Mastectomy without axillary dissection should be the standard treatment in patients with malignant form of cystosarcoma phyllodes. The role of postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy remains to be fully established. We evaluate treatment results in a group of patients with cystosarcoma phyllodes (CP) treated at our Institute.

Patients and methods

In this report we analyze treatment outcome in 25 patients with malignant cystosarcoma phyllodes treated at Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute between 1970 and 1995. Mean tumor size was 10 cm in diameter. All patients underwent surgery. Subsequently, 17 patients (68%) received radiotherapy on the breast or chest wall.


Median follow-up was 139.5 months. Local recurrence was observed in 16% of all patients and all patients with local recurrence died. Time to local relapse after surgery was 4–11 months. Distant metastases occurred in 5 patients. All patients with local recurrence had distant metastases. Dissemination occurred 3–19 months after local recurrence. Five-year survival of all patients was 80%.


A specific protocol for the treatment of cystosarcoma phyllodes is missing, probably due to rarity of the disease. The treatment of local recurrent disease remains unsuccessful in most CP patients. We recommend postoperative irradiation on the chest wall in patients with malignant form of CP, because adjuvant radiotherapy decreased the incidence of local relapse in our group of patients.