Expression of lysosome-associated membrane protein 1 (Lamp-1) and galectins in human keratinocytes is regulated by differentiation
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- Sarafian, V., Jans, R. & Poumay, Y. Arch Dermatol Res (2006) 298: 73. doi:10.1007/s00403-006-0662-4
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Lysosomes and their components are suspected to be involved in epidermal differentiation. In this study, lysosomal enzyme activities, expression of the lysosome-associated membrane protein 1 (Lamp-1) and expression of the epidermal galectins-1, -3 and -7 were investigated in human keratinocytes cultured at different cell densities (subconfluence, confluence and postconfluence) in order to induce differentiation. Detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence, Lamp-1 expression is transiently upregulated at culture confluence, but reduced at postconfluence. Northern blot analyses performed on subconfluent, confluent and post-confluent cultures of keratinocytes show that Lamp-1 mRNA expression is also upregulated at culture confluence, but downregulated at postconfluence. Measurements of lysosomal enzyme activities indicate a transient upregulation at culture confluence, whereas cathepsins B, C and L are particularly downregulated at postconfluence. Cell density and differentiation of epidermal cells also differentially regulates galectin expression in autocrine cultures. As the expression of galectin-1 mRNA is high in subconfluent cells, it is assumed to be associated with their proliferative state. On the other hand, as the mRNA levels for galectins-3 and -7 are notably upregulated at culture confluence (galectin-7) or at postconfluence (galectin-3), their expression is thought to be related to the differentiated state of keratinocytes. However, we collected evidence by confocal microscopy that galectin-3 and Lamp-1 do not colocalize in vitro in keratinocytes. Altogether, our results suggest that the upregulated Lamp-1 expression at confluence could be involved in keratinocyte differentiation, but apparently not through interaction with galectin-3.