, Volume 298, Issue 2, pp 58-63
Date: 22 Mar 2006

Five mutations of ATP2A2 gene in Chinese patients with Darier’s disease and a literature review of 86 cases reported in China

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Darier’s disease (DD) is an autosomal dominantly inherited skin disorder characterized by loss of adhesion between epidermal cells (acantholysis) and abnormal keratinization. To date, at least 140 mutations in the ATP2A2 gene have been identified as the genetic basis of DD. Here we reported three familial and two sporadic Chinese DD patients totally with four missense mutations (N767D, M494I, M494L, C318F) and one splice-site mutation (1288–6A→G) in ATP2A2 gene, and presented a literature review of DD cases reported in China since 1989. Our data add new variants to the repertoire of ATP2A2 gene in DD and confirms that most mutations in the ATP2A2 gene are private and missense type. Likewise, the literature review indicates that DD is not uncommon in China and presents more information about genotype–phenotype correlations.