Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery

, Volume 131, Issue 3, pp 413–419

Effects of a surface matching articular resurfacing device on tibiofemoral contact pressure: results from continuous dynamic flexion–extension cycles

Authors

    • Orthopaedic DepartmentHannover Medical School
  • Roland Huber
    • Bone and Joint Biomechanic LaboratoryMedical University of Vienna
  • Hajo Thermann
    • Center for Knee and Foot Surgery/Sports TraumaATOS Clinic Center
  • Lavinia Ezechieli
    • Orthopaedic DepartmentHannover Medical School
  • Sven Ostermeier
    • Orthopaedic DepartmentHannover Medical School
  • Matthias Wellmann
    • Orthopaedic DepartmentHannover Medical School
  • Gobert von Skrbensky
    • Bone and Joint Biomechanic LaboratoryMedical University of Vienna
Basic Science

DOI: 10.1007/s00402-010-1201-5

Cite this article as:
Becher, C., Huber, R., Thermann, H. et al. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg (2011) 131: 413. doi:10.1007/s00402-010-1201-5

Abstract

Introduction

The application of a defect-size metal implant for the treatment of focal articular cartilage lesions of the femoral condyle is of potential concern resulting in cartilage damage to opposing biological structures. This in vitro study aims to determine the tibiofemoral contact pressure with a contoured articular partial femoral resurfacing device under continuous dynamic pressure loads.

Methods

Peak and area contact pressures were determined in eight fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens using a pressure-sensitive sensor placed in the medial compartment above the menisci. All knees were tested in the untreated condition and after implantation of the prosthetic device in the weight-bearing area of the medial femoral condyle. A robotic knee simulator was used to test each knee under continuous pressure load for 400 s during 40 dynamic knee bending cycles (5°–45° flexion) with body weight ground reaction force (GRF). The GRF was adjusted to the living body weight of the cadaver donor and maintained throughout all cycles.

Results

Comparison of the untreated condition to focal inlay resurfacing showed no statistically significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) between all testing conditions. The average maximum peak contact pressure across all 40 flexion cycles increased by 5.1% after resurfacing compared to the untreated knees. The average area contact pressure essentially stayed the same (+0.9%).

Conclusion

The data suggest that resurfacing with the contoured articular prosthetic device does not pose any immediate deleterious effects to the opposing surfaces based on peak and area contact pressure in a continuous dynamic in vitro application. However, long-term in vivo effects remain to be evaluated.

Keywords

KneeArticular cartilage defectTibiofemoral jointArticular prosthetic deviceContact pressureDynamic loading

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010