Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery

, 129:609

The prevalence of absence of the palmaris longus: a study in Turkish population

Authors

    • Department of Orthopedics and TraumatologyGulhane Military Medical Academy
  • Oktay Adanir
    • Department of Orthopedics and TraumatologyGulhane Military Medical Academy
  • Meric Cirpar
    • Department of Orthopedics and TraumatologyGulhane Military Medical Academy
  • Mustafa Kurklu
    • Department of Orthopedics and TraumatologyGulhane Military Medical Academy
  • Mahmut Komurcu
    • Department of Orthopedics and TraumatologyGulhane Military Medical Academy
Orthopaedic Surgery

DOI: 10.1007/s00402-008-0631-9

Cite this article as:
Kose, O., Adanir, O., Cirpar, M. et al. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg (2009) 129: 609. doi:10.1007/s00402-008-0631-9

Abstract

Introduction

It is well known that there is a wide variation in the reported prevalence of the palmaris longus (PL) absence in different ethnic groups. This prospective study was conducted to determine the prevalence of absence of PL and correlate it with gender and body side in Turkish population.

Method

In total, 1,350 randomly selected adult patients (675 men and 675 women) who admitted to our outpatient clinic were examined for the absence of PL using Schaeffer’s test and Mishra’s second test. The absence of PL on both sides, results of the first and second examination tests, age, gender and dexterity were recorded and analyzed statistically.

Results

The overall prevalence of absence of PL (unilateral or bilateral) was 26.6% in Turkish population. The absence of PL in women was statistically more common than men. Bilateral absence of PL was statistically frequent than unilateral absence. The prevalence of absence of PL was statistically similar between the body sides.

Conclusion

Mishra’s second test which involves resisted abduction of the thumb, may be better in demonstration of the PL where the muscle was feebly developed, particularly in women.

Keywords

Palmaris longusAgenesisTurkish population

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008