, Volume 99, Issue 5, pp 547-554

Temporal lobe epilepsy with and without psychosis: exploration of hippocampal pathology including that in subpopulations of neurons defined by their content of immunoreactive calcium-binding proteins

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We have investigated relationships between hippocampal/temporal lobe neuropathology and psychosis in subjects with temporal lobe epilepsy, paying particular attention to possible differences in density of hippocampal neurons immunoreactive for calcium-binding proteins. There was a trend for a greater prevalence of left handedness in the psychotic (n = 6) than the non-psychotic (n = 26) cases (P = 0.0504). Psychotic cases also differed from non-psychotic ones in having: (1) more focal lesions outside the hippocampus (P = 0.006); (2) less severe CA1 neuron loss (P = 0.015); and (3) a trend, after Bonferroni correction, for a higher density of calbindin-immunoreactive neurons in the CA4 (P = 0.022). An additional finding was that dentate granule cell dispersion was significantly associated with the presence of a reduced density of calretinin-immunoreactive neurons in CA4 (P = 0.002) and with a more severe loss of CA4 neurons visible with Nissl stain (P = 0.003). Thus, cases of temporal lobe epilepsy with psychosis were distinguishable on the basis of a higher density of calbindin-reactive neurons in CA4 as well as on more general aspects of their pathology.