, Volume 94, Issue 5, pp 479-485

Deletion mapping of the short arm of chromosome 1 identifies a common region of deletion distal to D1S496 in human meningiomas

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Abstract

We have studied a series of 63 meningiomas, including 47 benign meningiomas (World Health Organization, WHO, grade I), 13 atypical meningiomas (WHO grade II) and 3 anaplastic meningiomas (WHO grade III), using microsatellite and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at 21 polymorphic loci on chromosome 1 (19 loci on 1p and 2 loci on 1q). LOH on 1p was found in 9 of 13 atypical meningiomas (70%) and in 3 of 3 (100%) anaplastic meningiomas, but only in 6 of 47 (13%) benign meningiomas. In 13 tumors allelic loss was observed at all informative loci on 1p. Terminal deletions with retention of heterozygosity at one or more proximal 1p loci were found in 5 tumors. The region commonly deleted in all tumors was located distally to the D1S496 locus, i.e., at cytogenetic bands 1p34 – 1pter, and included the chromosomal segment which is frequently deleted in neuroblastoma, malignant melanoma, and different types of carcinoma.

Received: 11 February 1997 / Revised: 9 May 1997 / Accepted: 12 May 1997