, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 123-129

Degree of branching of polypropylene measured from Fourier-transform rheology

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Abstract

In this study, linear and branched polypropylenes (PP) were compared under medium strain amplitude oscillatory shear (usually strain amplitude range from 10 to 100%) with Fourier-transform rheology (FT rheology). On a log–log diagram, the third relative intensity (I 3/I 1), which is a parameter to represent nonlinearity, shows a linear relationship with the strain amplitude in the range of medium strain amplitude. The slope of I 3/I 1 of linear PP with various molecular weight and molecular weight distribution was 2 as most constitutive equations predict, while that of branched PP was 1.64, which is lower than that of linear PP. When the linear and branch PP were blended, the slope of I 3/I 1 was proportional to the composition of the branch PP. Therefore, it is suggested that the degree of branching can be defined in terms of the slope of I 3/I 1 under medium amplitude oscillatory shear.