, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 146-158
Date: 17 Oct 2003

Modeling flow induced crystallization in film casting of polypropylene

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Abstract

Data from iPP film casting experiments served as a basis to model the effect of flow on polymer crystallization kinetics. These data describe the temperature, width, velocity and crystallinity distributions along the drawing direction under conditions permitting crystallization along the draw length.

In order to model the effect of flow on crystallization kinetics, a modification of a previously defined quiescent kinetic model was adopted. This modification consisted in using a higher melting temperature than in the original quiescent model. The reason for the modification was to account for an increase of crystallization temperature due to entropy decrease of the flowing melt. This entropy decrease was calculated from the molecular orientation on the basis of rubber elasticity theory applied to the entangled and elongated melt. The evolution of molecular orientation (elongation) during the film casting experiments was calculated using a non-linear dumbbell model which considers the relaxation time, obtained from normal stress difference and viscosity functions, to be a function of the deformation rate.

The comparison between experimental distributions and model based crystallinity distributions was satisfactory.