Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 287, Issue 7, pp 751–758

Electrospinning and characterization of medium-molecular-weight poly(vinyl alcohol)/high-molecular-weight poly(vinyl alcohol)/montmorillonite nanofibers

Authors

  • Hyun Mi Ji
    • Department of Advanced Organic Materials Science and EngineeringKyungpook National University
  • Hyun Woo Lee
    • Department of Advanced Organic Materials Science and EngineeringKyungpook National University
  • Mohammad Rezaul Karim
    • Department of Advanced Organic Materials Science and EngineeringKyungpook National University
  • In Woo Cheong
    • Department of Applied ChemistryKyungpook National University
  • Eun A. Bae
    • Department of R&DGlobal Challenge Co. Ltd.
  • Tae Hun Kim
    • Department of R&DGlobal Challenge Co. Ltd.
  • Md. Shahidul Islam
    • Department of Advanced Organic Materials Science and EngineeringKyungpook National University
  • Byung Chul Ji
    • Department of Advanced Organic Materials Science and EngineeringKyungpook National University
    • Department of Advanced Organic Materials Science and EngineeringKyungpook National University
Original Contribution

DOI: 10.1007/s00396-009-2019-y

Cite this article as:
Ji, H.M., Lee, H.W., Karim, M.R. et al. Colloid Polym Sci (2009) 287: 751. doi:10.1007/s00396-009-2019-y

Abstract

Submicron fibers of medium-molecular-weight poly(vinyl alcohol) (MMW-PVA), high-molecular-weight poly(vinyl alcohol) (HMW-PVA), and montmorillonite clay (MMT) in aqueous solutions were prepared by electrospinning technique. The effect of HMW-PVA and MMT on the morphology and mechanical properties of the MMW-PVA/HMW-PVA/MMT nanofibers were investigated for the first time. Scanning electron microscopy, viscometer, tensile strength testing machine, thermal gravimetric analyzer (TGA), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were utilized to characterize the PVA/MMT nanofibers morphology and properties. The MMW-PVA/HMW-PVA ratios and MMT concentration played important roles in nanofiber's properties. TEM data demonstrated that exfoliated MMT layers were well distributed within nanofibers. It was also found that the mechanical property and thermal stability were increased with HMW-PVA and MMT contents.

Keywords

NanofibersPoly(vinyl alcohol)MontmorilloniteElectrospinning

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009