, Volume 285, Issue 5, pp 569-574
Date: 21 Nov 2006

Poly(ethylene oxide)-coated polyamide nanoparticles degradable by glutathione

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Poly(adipoyl chloride-alt-cystamine) nanoparticles covalently coated with poly(ethylene oxide) (M w = 2,000 or 5,000) were prepared as a model of glutathione-degradable drug, protein, or deoxyribonucleic acid delivery systems. The polyamide forming the micellar core has disulfide bonds in the main chain and thus its degradation gives low molecular weight products. The degradation of nanoparticles by the action of glutathione in the reduced or oxidized forms was monitored by time dependencies of the light scattering intensity at 37 °C in media modeling intracellular environment. The lifetimes of nanoparticles were determined. The reductive degradation of the nanoparticles by the reaction with reduced glutathione is an order of magnitude faster than their spontaneous degradation. The effect of nanoparticle concentration and solution pH was also investigated.