Synthesis of nano-ZnO/poly(methyl methacrylate) composite microsphere through emulsion polymerization and its UV-shielding property
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- Tang, E., Cheng, G., Pang, X. et al. Colloid Polym Sci (2006) 284: 422. doi:10.1007/s00396-005-1389-z
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Nano-ZnO/poly(methyl methacrylate)(PMMA) composite latex microspheres were synthesized by in-site emulsion polymerization. The interfacial compatibility between nano-ZnO particles and PMMA were improved by treating the surface of nano-ZnO particles hydrophobically using methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS). TEM indicated that nano-ZnO particles present in nanosphere and have been encapsulated in the PMMA phase. FT-IR confirmed that MPTMS reacted with the nano-ZnO particle and copolymerized with MMA. It was clearly found from SEM that ZnO nanoparticles can be homogeneously dispersed in the PVC matrix. The absorbance spectrum of the nanocomposite polymer suggested that increasing the amount of nano-ZnO in composite particles could enhance the UV-shielding properties of the polymers. The nano-ZnO/PMMA composite particle could eliminate aggregation of ZnO nanoparticle and improve its compatibility with organic polymer. This means that the composite particles can be widely applied in lots of fields.