Elaboration of fluorescent and highly magnetic submicronic polymer particles via a stepwise heterocoagulation process
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- Lansalot, M., Sabor, M., Elaissari, A. et al. Colloid Polym Sci (2005) 283: 1267. doi:10.1007/s00396-005-1334-1
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Using the stepwise heterocoagulation concept, fluorescent and highly magnetic submicronic core-shell polymer particles were prepared. For this purpose a negatively charged oil-in-water magnetic emulsion was first modified by adsorbing the poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI). Secondly, low glass transition temperature (Tg=10°C) anionic film-forming nanoparticles were adsorbed onto the cationic magnetic droplets. Finally the encapsulation was induced by heating the heterocoagulates above the Tg of the film-forming nanoparticles. To produce labeled magnetic particles, fluorescent nanoparticles and film-forming nanoparticles were simultaneously adsorbed. PEI adsorption was investigated. Also investigated was the influence of the amount of film-forming nanoparticles and fluorescent nanoparticles on the encapsulation efficiency.