REVIEW

Basic Research in Cardiology

, Volume 103, Issue 2, pp 161-173

First online:

Imaging of the heart with computed tomography

  • Thomas G. FlohrAffiliated withSiemens Medical SolutionsDept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen
  • , Bernd M. OhnesorgeAffiliated withSiemens Medical Solutions

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Abstract

Imaging of the heart with computed tomography (CT) was already introduced in the 1980Îs and has meanwhile entered clinical routine as a consequence of the rapid evolution of CT technology during the last decade. In this review article, we give an overview on the technology and clinical performance of different CT-scanner generations used for cardiac imaging, such as Electron Beam CT (EBCT), single-slice CT und multi-detector row CT (MDCT) with 4, 16 and 64 simultaneously acquired slices. We identify the limitations of current CT-scanners, indicate potential of improvement and discuss alternative system concepts such as CT with area detectors and dual source CT (DSCT).

Key words

multi-detector row CT dual source CT area detector CT cardiac CT coronary CTA