Basic Research in Cardiology

, Volume 101, Issue 5, pp 447–451

Better identification of patients who benefit from implantable cardioverter defibrillators by genotyping the G protein β3 subunit (GNB3) C825T polymorphism

Authors

    • Department of CardiologyUniversity Hospital Essen
  • Christoph N. Naber
    • Department of CardiologyUniversity Hospital Essen
  • Leon Piaszek
    • Department of CardiologyUniversity Hospital Essen
  • Stefan Sack
    • Department of CardiologyUniversity Hospital Essen
  • Ulrich H. Frey
    • Institute of PharmacogeneticsUniversity of Duisburg-Essen
  • Gerd Heusch
    • Institute of PathophysiologyUniversity of Duisburg-Essen
  • Raimund Erbel
    • Department of CardiologyUniversity Hospital Essen
  • Winfried Siffert
    • Institute of PharmacogeneticsUniversity of Duisburg-Essen
ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION

DOI: 10.1007/s00395-006-0600-9

Cite this article as:
Wieneke, H., Naber, C.N., Piaszek, L. et al. Basic Res Cardiol (2006) 101: 447. doi:10.1007/s00395-006-0600-9

Abstract

Aims

There is a need for better identification of patients at high risk for malignant arrhythmias who would benefit from implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD). The purpose of this study was to assess whether the C825T polymorphism in the G-protein beta3 subunit gene, GNB3, might serve as a genetic marker for recurrent ventricular arrhythmias.

Methods and results

Genotyping was performed in 82 patients with ischemic heart disease treated with an ICD for primary and secondary prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. The Kaplan–Meier method was used to estimate the probability of remaining free from VT/VF with cycle length (CL) < 330 ms that required treatment by the ICD. Genotyping yielded 7 individuals homozygous for the 825T allele (TT), 36 homozygous for the C825 allele (CC), and 39 heterozygotes (CT). Multivariate analysis revealed that the C825T polymorphism (P=0.004), left ventricular ejection fraction (P=0.009), and QRS-duration (P=0.039) were independent determinants of severe ventricular arrhythmias. Homozygous carriers of the C825 allele had a 3.9-fold risk for severe ventricular arrhythmias.

Conclusion

The results from this pilot study suggest that the C825T polymorphism may have a modifying effect on the propensity towards life-threatening arrhythmias. Genotyping the C825T polymorphism may help to better identify individuals at high risk for life-threatening arrhythmias who benefit from ICD therapy.

Keywords

Implantable Cardioverter/DefibrillatorG protein beta3 subunit 825T alleleGNB3 polymorphismrisk stratificationventricular arrhythmia

Copyright information

© Steinkopff-Verlag 2006