European Journal of Nutrition

, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 759–769

Profile of European adults interested in internet-based personalised nutrition: the Food4Me study

  • Katherine M. Livingstone
  • Carlos Celis-Morales
  • Santiago Navas-Carretero
  • Rodrigo San-Cristobal
  • Clare B. O’Donovan
  • Hannah Forster
  • Clara Woolhead
  • Cyril F. M. Marsaux
  • Anna L. Macready
  • Rosalind Fallaize
  • Silvia Kolossa
  • Lydia Tsirigoti
  • Christina P. Lambrinou
  • George Moschonis
  • Magdalena Godlewska
  • Agnieszka Surwiłło
  • Christian A. Drevon
  • Yannis Manios
  • Iwona Traczyk
  • Eileen R. Gibney
  • Lorraine Brennan
  • Marianne C. Walsh
  • Julie A. Lovegrove
  • J. Alfredo Martinez
  • Wim H. Saris
  • Hannelore Daniel
  • Mike Gibney
  • John C. Mathers
Original Contribution

DOI: 10.1007/s00394-015-0897-y

Cite this article as:
Livingstone, K.M., Celis-Morales, C., Navas-Carretero, S. et al. Eur J Nutr (2016) 55: 759. doi:10.1007/s00394-015-0897-y

Abstract

Purpose

Personalised interventions may have greater potential for reducing the global burden of non-communicable diseases and for promoting better health and well-being across the lifespan than the conventional “one size fits all” approach. However, the characteristics of individuals interested in personalised nutrition (PN) are unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of European adults interested in taking part in an internet-based PN study.

Methods

Individuals from seven European countries (UK, Ireland, Germany, The Netherlands, Spain, Greece and Poland) were invited to participate in the study via the Food4Me website (http://www.food4me.org). Two screening questionnaires were used to collect data on socio-demographic, anthropometric and health-related characteristics as well as dietary intakes.

Results

A total of 5662 individuals expressed an interest in the study (mean age 40 ± 12.7; range 15–87 years). Of these, 65 % were female and 97 % were Caucasian. Overall, 13 % were smokers and 47 % reported the presence of a clinically diagnosed disease. Furthermore, 47 % were overweight or obese and 35 % were sedentary during leisure time. Assessment of dietary intakes showed that 54 % of individuals reported consuming at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables per day, 46 % consumed more than 3 servings of wholegrains and 37 % limited their salt intake to <5.75 g per day.

Conclusions

Our data indicate that individuals volunteering to participate in an internet-based PN study are broadly representative of the European adult population, most of whom had adequate nutrient intakes but could benefit from improved dietary choices and greater physical activity. Future use of internet-based PN approaches is thus relevant to a wide target audience.

Keywords

Personalised nutrition European profile Tailored intervention Internet-based Randomised controlled trial 

Abbreviations

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

FFQ

Food frequency questionnaire

NCD

Non-communicable diseases

PN

Personalised nutrition

PoP

Proof of principle

RCT

Randomised controlled trial

Supplementary material

394_2015_897_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.8 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 3932 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine M. Livingstone
    • 1
  • Carlos Celis-Morales
    • 1
  • Santiago Navas-Carretero
    • 2
    • 3
  • Rodrigo San-Cristobal
    • 2
    • 3
  • Clare B. O’Donovan
    • 4
  • Hannah Forster
    • 4
  • Clara Woolhead
    • 4
  • Cyril F. M. Marsaux
    • 5
  • Anna L. Macready
    • 6
  • Rosalind Fallaize
    • 6
  • Silvia Kolossa
    • 7
  • Lydia Tsirigoti
    • 8
  • Christina P. Lambrinou
    • 8
  • George Moschonis
    • 8
  • Magdalena Godlewska
    • 9
  • Agnieszka Surwiłło
    • 9
  • Christian A. Drevon
    • 10
  • Yannis Manios
    • 8
  • Iwona Traczyk
    • 9
  • Eileen R. Gibney
    • 4
  • Lorraine Brennan
    • 4
  • Marianne C. Walsh
    • 4
  • Julie A. Lovegrove
    • 6
  • J. Alfredo Martinez
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wim H. Saris
    • 5
  • Hannelore Daniel
    • 7
  • Mike Gibney
    • 4
  • John C. Mathers
    • 1
  1. 1.Human Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Cellular MedicineNewcastle UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Center for Nutrition ResearchUniversity of NavarraPamplonaSpain
  3. 3.CIBER Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn)Instituto de Salud Carlos IIIMadridSpain
  4. 4.UCD Institute of Food and HealthUniversity College DublinBelfield, Dublin 4Republic of Ireland
  5. 5.Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and MetabolismMaastricht University Medical CentreMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  6. 6.Hugh Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition and Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic ResearchUniversity of ReadingReadingUK
  7. 7.ZIEL Research Center of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Biochemistry UnitTechnische Universität MünchenMunichGermany
  8. 8.Department of Nutrition and DieteticsHarokopio UniversityAthensGreece
  9. 9.National Food and Nutrition Institute, (IZZ)WarsawPoland
  10. 10.Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of OsloOsloNorway