Infliximab administration prior to surgery does not increase surgical site infections in patients with ulcerative colitis
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- Uchino, M., Ikeuchi, H., Matsuoka, H. et al. Int J Colorectal Dis (2013) 28: 1295. doi:10.1007/s00384-013-1700-2
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The high incidence of infectious complications in ulcerative colitis (UC) is generally recognized to be due to several factors related to a compromised host. In our previous study, a high dose of corticosteroid was shown to be a risk factor for surgical site infection (SSI). Recently, infliximab (IFX) has been used for refractory UC. In this study, the effect of IFX on the occurrence of infectious postoperative complications for UC was evaluated, because it remains controversial.
A total of 196 UC patients who underwent laparotomy between January 2010 and September 2012 were included. Possible factors related to complications were analyzed to identify significant predictors.
Twenty-two patients had IFX before surgery. The overall incidence of SSI was 47/196 (24.0 %). The incidence of infections, including SSI and other infections, was 69/196 (35.2 %). On multivariate analysis, national nosocomial infection surveillance (NNIS) risk index ≥2 (p<0.01) and preoperative prednisolone dose ≥0.2 mg/kg/day (p = 0.01) were identified as independent risk factors for overall SSI; NNIS risk index ≥2 (p <0.01) and duration from onset of UC ≥6.3 years (p = 0.045) were identified as independent risk factors for incisional SSI; contaminated wound class (p <0.01), preoperative hospital stay ≥6 days (p = 0.048), severe/fulminant disease activity (p = 0.04), and pancolitis (p = 0.02) were identified as independent risk factors for organ/space SSI; and contaminated wound (p < 0.01), severe/fulminant disease activity (p = 0.02), and age at surgery ≥43 years (p = 0.047) were identified as independent risk factors for total infectious complications.
IFX administration was not associated with infectious complications for UC surgery.