International Journal of Colorectal Disease

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 1–7

Rationale for and clinical benefits of colonoscopy with narrow band imaging: pathological prediction and colorectal screening


DOI: 10.1007/s00384-012-1591-7

Cite this article as:
Aihara, H., Saito, S. & Tajiri, H. Int J Colorectal Dis (2013) 28: 1. doi:10.1007/s00384-012-1591-7



Narrow-band imaging (NBI), an emerging imaging technology, allows direct visualization of capillaries on the gastrointestinal mucosal surface. The combination of NBI and magnifying endoscopy can be used to identify morphological changes in these capillaries during the process of carcinogenesis.

Findings and conclusions

Thus far, pathological predictions based on capillary pattern classifications have been reported to have good diagnostic accuracy. However, most of these studies have been single-center trials based on each institutional classification, and worldwide multicenter trials aimed at their standardization are needed to validate the clinical benefits of the various NBI classification systems.


ColonoscopyNarrow band imagingPathological predictionColorectal screening

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EndoscopyJikei University School of MedicineMinato-kuJapan
  2. 2.Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal MedicineJikei University School of MedicineTokyoJapan