, Volume 29, Issue 5, pp 471-477
Date: 30 Mar 2013

Epidemiology and outcome analysis of children with traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest compared to nontraumatic cardiac arrest

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to determine predictive factors for sustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in pediatric patients with traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and compared to those with nontraumatic OHCA.

Methods

This was a retrospective prognostic study of children with OHCA presenting to the emergency department (ED) was conducted from 2005 to 2010. Related clinical factors that influenced sustained ROSC in traumatic OHCA patients were identified and compared to nontraumatic cases. Significant parameters in predicting sustained ROSC in traumatic OHCA children were also determined using multivariate logistic regression analysis, and etiologies of the ICU admissions were analyzed in patients with sustained ROSC.

Results

Among 2,978 critically ill children admitted to the ED, 150 were pediatric OHCA patients, including 76 traumatic cases and 74 nontraumatic cases. Of children with OHCA, initial sustained ROSC was achieved in 51 cases (34.0 %), including 31 traumatic cases and 20 of nontraumatic cases. Head and neck injuries were the majority of traumatic cases in the traumatic OHCA children, followed by abdominal injuries and chest injuries. However, abdominal injuries accounted for the highest rate to gain sustained ROSC, while chest injuries had the lowest rate for successful sustained ROSC. Significant factors associated with sustained ROSC in traumatic OHCA included initial cardiac rhythm (P < 0.05), the period from scene to hospital (P < 0.05), and the duration of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) (P < 0.05).

Conclusions

Significant factors related to sustained ROSC have been identified as initial cardiac rhythm, duration of in-hospital CPR, and the period from scene to hospital. Head and neck injuries were the majority of traumatic cases and the prevention in head and neck trauma may play an important part in public health aspects.