, Volume 29, Issue 4, pp 317-326
Date: 31 Jan 2013

Role of laparoscopy in treatment of choledochal cysts in children

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Abstract

Laparoscopy enables surgeons to approach the surgical conditions from a new perspective. Laparoscopic surgery has revolutionized the treatment of choledochal cysts (CDC). Yet, this new technique requires objective evaluations. We have examined the controversies about the CDC dissection, distal common bile duct ligation, ductoplasty for hepatic duct stenosis, intrahepatic duct and common channel protein plug clearance, timing of surgery for antenatally diagnosed CDC, and the Roux loop length in CDC children. In the hands of experts, laparoscopic excision of the cyst and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy is a safe and effective approach. We provide our opinions on these issues based on our experience and publications. We conclude that the main outcomes comparable to those of the open surgery. The better wound cosmesis and reduction of surgical trauma are the advantages.