Outcome of hypospadias repair in toilet-trained children and adolescents
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- Kocherov, S., Prat, D., Koulikov, D. et al. Pediatr Surg Int (2012) 28: 429. doi:10.1007/s00383-012-3061-2
- 236 Downloads
To review a leading causes and surgical outcome of hypospadias repair in toilet-trained children and adolescents in our department.
Materials and methods
Over the period from 1987 to 2010, 84 toilet-trained children and adolescents with a median age of 13 years (range 4–18) underwent hypospadias repair. Voiding symptoms were a cause for referral in 31(36%) patients, difficulties in self-appraisal or patient desire in 49(55.7%) and 4(4.8%) patients with DSD underwent male genitoplasty as a part of sex reassignment. Of those 43(51.2%) had glanular hypospadias, 36(42.9%) distal and 5(5.9%) had proximal type of hypospadias. Meatoplasty was performed in 18(21.4%) patients, MAGPI in 24(28.6%), Mathieu flip-flap in 20(23.8%), preputial pedicled flap as onlay in 2(2.4%) and as tubularized in 2(2.4%) patients, and TIP procedure was done in 16(19%). Two (2.4%) patients required two stage repair.
Twenty-three (27.4%) developed surgery-related complications such as meatal stenosis in 3(15.5%), breakdown of primary repair in 7(8.3%), and urethral fistula in 13(15.5%) patients, respectively.
There are clear differences in terms of complications rate and overall success compared with the repair in the earlier ages.
KeywordsHypospadiasToilet-trained childrenSurgical outcome
Meatal advancement glanuloplasty
Tubularized incised plate hypospadias repair
Disorders of sex development