, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 537-541,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 20 Mar 2008

Adults with corrected oesophageal atresia: is oesophageal function associated with complaints and/or quality of life?

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate oesophageal function after correction of oesophageal atresia in adults, and to investigate the association between complaints, oesophageal function and quality of life (QoL). Twenty-five adults were included who participated in previous follow-up studies, during which complaints of dysphagia and gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR), results of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, oesophageal biopsies and QoL had been collected. Manometry was performed in 20 patients, 24 h pH-measurements were performed in 21 patients. pH-values (sample time 5 s) were calculated using criteria of Johnson and DeMeester. Associations were tested with ANOVA and χ 2-tests. Ten patients (48%) reported complaints of dysphagia, seven (33%) of GOR. The amplitude of oesophageal contractions was low (<15 mmHg) in four patients (20%). pH-measurements showed pathological reflux in three patients (14%). Patients reporting dysphagia more often had disturbed motility (P = 0.011), and lower scores on the domains “general health perceptions” (SF-36) (P = 0.026), “standardised physical component” (SF-36) (P = 0.013), and “physical well-being” (GIQLI) (0.047). No other associations were found. This study shows a high percentage of oesophageal motility disturbances and a moderate percentage of GOR after correction of oesophageal atresia. Patients reporting dysphagia, whom more often had disturbed motility, seemed to be affected by these symptoms in their QoL.