, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 289-293
Date: 28 Feb 2007

Clitoroplasty: past, present and future

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This paper reviews the history of clitoral surgery throughout the twentieth century. The changing operations, from amputation through to attempts to produce a normal clitoris mirror the changing attitudes and available knowledge. It also examines the current issues that arise out of available data on long-term outcomes of clitoroplasty.