Article

Climate Dynamics

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 175-192

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

The WAMME regional model intercomparison study

  • Leonard M. DruyanAffiliated withCCSR, Columbia University and NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies Email author 
  • , Jinming FengAffiliated withInstitute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of SciencesDepartment of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California at Los Angeles
  • , Kerry H. CookAffiliated withJackson School of Geosciences, The University of Texas at Austin
  • , Yongkang XueAffiliated withDepartment of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California at Los Angeles
  • , Matthew FulakezaAffiliated withCCSR, Columbia University and NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies
  • , Samson M. HagosAffiliated withRosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami
  • , Abdourahamane KonaréAffiliated withLaboratoire de Physique Atmosphérique, University of Cocody
  • , Wilfran Moufouma-OkiaAffiliated withMet Office Hadley Centre
  • , David P. RowellAffiliated withMet Office Hadley Centre
    • , Edward K. VizyAffiliated withInstitute for Geophysics, The University of Texas at Austin
    • , Seidou Sanda IbrahAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Université Abdou Moumouni

Abstract

Results from five regional climate models (RCMs) participating in the West African Monsoon Modeling and Evaluation (WAMME) initiative are analyzed. The RCMs were driven by boundary conditions from National Center for Environmental Prediction reanalysis II data sets and observed sea-surface temperatures (SST) over four May–October seasons, (2000 and 2003–2005). In addition, the simulations were repeated with two of the RCMs, except that lateral boundary conditions were derived from a continuous global climate model (GCM) simulation forced with observed SST data. RCM and GCM simulations of precipitation, surface air temperature and circulation are compared to each other and to observational evidence. Results demonstrate a range of RCM skill in representing the mean summer climate and the timing of monsoon onset. Four of the five models generate positive precipitation biases and all simulate negative surface air temperature biases over broad areas. RCM spatial patterns of June–September mean precipitation over the Sahel achieve spatial correlations with observational analyses of about 0.90, but within two areas south of 10°N the correlations average only about 0.44. The mean spatial correlation coefficient between RCM and observed surface air temperature over West Africa is 0.88. RCMs show a range of skill in simulating seasonal mean zonal wind and meridional moisture advection and two RCMs overestimate moisture convergence over West Africa. The 0.5° computing grid enables three RCMs to detect local minima related to high topography in seasonal mean meridional moisture advection. Sensitivity to lateral boundary conditions differs between the two RCMs for which this was assessed. The benefits of dynamic downscaling the GCM seasonal climate prediction are analyzed and discussed.

Keywords

West African monsoon Regional climate models Dynamic downscaling