Climate Dynamics

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 333–342

Oceanic influences on recent continental warming


DOI: 10.1007/s00382-008-0448-9

Cite this article as:
Compo, G.P. & Sardeshmukh, P.D. Clim Dyn (2009) 32: 333. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0448-9


Evidence is presented that the recent worldwide land warming has occurred largely in response to a worldwide warming of the oceans rather than as a direct response to increasing greenhouse gases (GHGs) over land. Atmospheric model simulations of the last half-century with prescribed observed ocean temperature changes, but without prescribed GHG changes, account for most of the land warming. The oceanic influence has occurred through hydrodynamic-radiative teleconnections, primarily by moistening and warming the air over land and increasing the downward longwave radiation at the surface. The oceans may themselves have warmed from a combination of natural and anthropogenic influences.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Climate Diagnostics Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences and Physical Sciences Division, Earth System Research LaboratoryNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationBoulderUSA

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