Child's Nervous System

, Volume 27, Issue 9, pp 1375–1390

Pediatric stroke

Review Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00381-010-1366-9

Cite this article as:
Cárdenas, J.F., Rho, J.M. & Kirton, A. Childs Nerv Syst (2011) 27: 1375. doi:10.1007/s00381-010-1366-9



Pediatric stroke, while increasingly recognized among practitioners as a clinically significant, albeit infrequent entity, remains challenging from the viewpoint of clinicians and researchers.


Advances in neuroimaging have revealed a higher prevalence of pediatric stroke while also provided a safer method for evaluating the child’s nervous system and vasculature. An understanding of pathogenic mechanisms for pediatric stroke requires a division of ages (perinatal and childhood) and a separation of mechanism (ischemic and hemorrhagic). This article presents a review of the current literature with the recommended divisions of age and mechanism.


Guidelines for treatment, though limited, are also discussed.


Pediatric strokeNeonatal strokeChildhood stroke

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javier F. Cárdenas
    • 1
  • Jong M. Rho
    • 2
  • Adam Kirton
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Pediatric NeurologyBarrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph’s Hospital & Medical CenterPhoenixUSA
  2. 2.Division of Pediatric Neurology, Alberta Children’s HospitalUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada