Johan Georg Ræder (1889–1959) and paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis
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- Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S., Ghabili, K. et al. Childs Nerv Syst (2010) 26: 373. doi:10.1007/s00381-009-0965-9
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Johan Georg Ræder (1889–1959) was the most eminent Norwegian ophthalmologist in the early decades of the last century. Ræder made significant contributions to our current understanding of glaucoma. He is remembered for a syndrome he described, that of trigeminal nerve neuralgia and/or paresis and incomplete Horner’s syndrome (oculopupillary sympathetic paresis).
Here, Ræder's biography, scientific contributions, and a thorough review of his original report on paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis are presented. Ræder's syndrome may reflect a lesion of the middle cranial fossa, which involves oculopupillary sympathetic fibers that originate from the internal carotid artery plexus and travel with the trigeminal and oculomotor nerves.