Child's Nervous System

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 373–376

Johan Georg Ræder (1889–1959) and paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis

  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
  • R. Shane Tubbs
  • Kamyar Ghabili
  • Marios Loukas
  • W. Jerry Oakes
  • Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00381-009-0965-9

Cite this article as:
Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S., Ghabili, K. et al. Childs Nerv Syst (2010) 26: 373. doi:10.1007/s00381-009-0965-9

Abstract

Introduction

Johan Georg Ræder (1889–1959) was the most eminent Norwegian ophthalmologist in the early decades of the last century. Ræder made significant contributions to our current understanding of glaucoma. He is remembered for a syndrome he described, that of trigeminal nerve neuralgia and/or paresis and incomplete Horner’s syndrome (oculopupillary sympathetic paresis).

Discussion

Here, Ræder's biography, scientific contributions, and a thorough review of his original report on paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis are presented. Ræder's syndrome may reflect a lesion of the middle cranial fossa, which involves oculopupillary sympathetic fibers that originate from the internal carotid artery plexus and travel with the trigeminal and oculomotor nerves.

Keywords

Norway Ocular History Trigeminal 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
    • 4
  • R. Shane Tubbs
    • 1
  • Kamyar Ghabili
    • 2
  • Marios Loukas
    • 3
  • W. Jerry Oakes
    • 1
  • Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol
    • 4
  1. 1.Section of Pediatric NeurosurgeryChildren’s HospitalBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  3. 3.Department of Anatomical SciencesSt. George’s UniversitySt. George’sGrenada
  4. 4.Clarian Neuroscience InstituteIndianapolis Neurosurgical Group and Indiana University Department of NeurosurgeryIndianapolisUSA

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