Review Paper

Child's Nervous System

, Volume 23, Issue 10, pp 1103-1109

First online:

Pansynostosis: a review

  • Jeffrey P. BlountAffiliated withDivision of Neurosurgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • , Robert G. LouisJr.Affiliated withDivision of Neurosurgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • , R. Shane TubbsAffiliated withDivision of Neurosurgery, University of Alabama at BirminghamPediatric Neurosurgery, Children’s Hospital Email author 
  • , John H. GrantAffiliated withDivision of Plastic Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Introduction

Although rare, pansynostoses are seen and treated by the craniofacial surgeon. To date, a single source that reviews these more severe forms of craniosynostosis is lacking in the literature.

Materials and methods

The present paper outlines and reviews the associations of both syndromic and nonsyndromic cases, potential mechanisms, and the anatomy involved with such forms of premature fusion of the cranial sutures.

Results

Pansynostosis is seen in a myriad of syndromes but can also be identified in nonsyndromic cases. Raised intracranial pressure is a concern in these patients.

Conclusions

Early recognition and treatment of patients with pansynostosis of the cranial sutures is important.

Keywords

Skull Craniosynostosis Premature fusion Multisutural