Child's Nervous System

, Volume 23, Issue 10, pp 1103–1109

Pansynostosis: a review

Authors

  • Jeffrey P. Blount
    • Division of NeurosurgeryUniversity of Alabama at Birmingham
  • Robert G. LouisJr.
    • Division of NeurosurgeryUniversity of Alabama at Birmingham
    • Division of NeurosurgeryUniversity of Alabama at Birmingham
    • Pediatric NeurosurgeryChildren’s Hospital
  • John H. Grant
    • Division of Plastic SurgeryUniversity of Alabama at Birmingham
Review Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00381-007-0362-1

Cite this article as:
Blount, J.P., Louis, R.G., Tubbs, R.S. et al. Childs Nerv Syst (2007) 23: 1103. doi:10.1007/s00381-007-0362-1

Abstract

Introduction

Although rare, pansynostoses are seen and treated by the craniofacial surgeon. To date, a single source that reviews these more severe forms of craniosynostosis is lacking in the literature.

Materials and methods

The present paper outlines and reviews the associations of both syndromic and nonsyndromic cases, potential mechanisms, and the anatomy involved with such forms of premature fusion of the cranial sutures.

Results

Pansynostosis is seen in a myriad of syndromes but can also be identified in nonsyndromic cases. Raised intracranial pressure is a concern in these patients.

Conclusions

Early recognition and treatment of patients with pansynostosis of the cranial sutures is important.

Keywords

SkullCraniosynostosisPremature fusionMultisutural

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007