, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 344-349

Measurements of baseline and follow-up concentrations of cardiac troponin-T and brain natriuretic peptide in patients with heart failure from various etiologies

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Abstract

Since chronic heart failure (CHF) is a complex clinical syndrome, a single biomarker may not reflect all of its characteristics. In this study, the clinical significance of combination and serial measurement of biochemical markers of myocyte injury and myocardial load in patients with CHF from various etiologies was examined. Serum concentrations of cardiac troponin-T (cTnT) and plasma concentrations of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were measured simultaneously in 190 patients with CHF, including dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) (n = 41), ischemic heart disease (n = 40), valvular or congenital disease (n = 53), hypertensive heart disease (n = 16), and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) (n = 22). Serum cTnT concentrations ≥0.01 ng/ml were found in 46/190 patients (24%) at baseline (20% in DCM, 42% in ischemic heart disease, 21% in valvular or congenital disease, 43% in hypertensive heart disease, and 9% in HCM). Follow-up samples were obtained in 137 patients after a mean treatment period of 31.8 days. Although BNP decreased significantly in each disease category (P < 0.0001: DCM; P < 0.005: ischemic heart disease; P < 0.05: valvular or congenital disease; P < 0.005: hypertensive heart disease; P < 0.05: HCM), cTnT remained high in 36/137 patients (26%) (19% in DCM, 39% in ischemic heart disease, 25% in valvular or congenital disease, 38% in hypertensive heart disease, and 19% in HCM). The rate of adverse cardiac events was significantly higher in patients with high cTnT than in patients with low cTnT concentrations (P < 0.0001) (P < 0.05: DCM; P < 0.05: ischemic heart disease; P < 0.01: valvular or congenital disease). Multivariate analysis showed that both cTnT and BNP are independent prognostic factors, and patients with elevations of both cTnT and BNP had the poorest prognosis (P < 0.0001). In patients with CHF, the evolution and prognostic value of cTnT and BNP are different. The combined measurements of these markers should refine our understanding of the state and evolution of CHF.