Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 29, Issue 5, pp 910–942

Characteristics, processes, and causes of the spatio-temporal variabilities of the East Asian monsoon system

  • Ronghui Huang黄荣辉
  • Jilong Chen陈际龙
  • Lin Wang王 林
  • Zhongda Lin林中达
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00376-012-2015-x

Cite this article as:
Huang, R., Chen, J., Wang, L. et al. Adv. Atmos. Sci. (2012) 29: 910. doi:10.1007/s00376-012-2015-x

Abstract

Recent advances in the study of the characteristics, processes, and causes of spatio-temporal variabilities of the East Asian monsoon (EAM) system are reviewed in this paper. The understanding of the EAM system has improved in many aspects: the basic characteristics of horizontal and vertical structures, the annual cycle of the East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) system and the East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) system, the characteristics of the spatio-temporal variabilities of the EASM system and the EAWM system, and especially the multiple modes of the EAM system and their spatio-temporal variabilities. Some new results have also been achieved in understanding the atmosphere-ocean interaction and atmosphere-land interaction processes that affect the variability of the EAM system. Based on recent studies, the EAM system can be seen as more than a circulation system, it can be viewed as an atmosphere-ocean-land coupled system, namely, the EAM climate system. In addition, further progress has been made in diagnosing the internal physical mechanisms of EAM climate system variability, especially regarding the characteristics and properties of the East Asia-Pacific (EAP) teleconnection over East Asia and the North Pacific, the “Silk Road” teleconnection along the westerly jet stream in the upper troposphere over the Asian continent, and the dynamical effects of quasi-stationary planetary wave activity on EAM system variability. At the end of the paper, some scientific problems regarding understanding the EAM system variability are proposed for further study.

Key words

East Asian monsoon systemspatio-temporal variationsclimate systemEAP teleconnection

Copyright information

© Chinese National Committee for International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Science Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronghui Huang黄荣辉
    • 1
  • Jilong Chen陈际龙
    • 1
  • Lin Wang王 林
    • 1
  • Zhongda Lin林中达
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Monsoon System Research, Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina