Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 736–747

A review on aspects of climate simulation assessment

  • Bin Wang (王 斌)
  • Xin Xie (谢 歆)
  • Lijuan Li (李立娟)
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00376-009-9038-y

Cite this article as:
Wang, B., Xie, X. & Li, L. Adv. Atmos. Sci. (2009) 26: 736. doi:10.1007/s00376-009-9038-y

Abstract

This paper reviews some aspects of evaluation of climate simulation, including the ITCZ, the surface air temperature (SAT), and the monsoon. A brief introduction of some recently proposed approaches in weather forecast verification is followed by a discussion on their possible application to evaluation of climate simulation. The authors suggest five strategies to extend the forecast verification methods to climate simulation evaluation regardless significant differences between the forecasts and climate simulations. It is argued that resolution, convection scheme, stratocumulus cloud cover, among other processes in the atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) and the ocean-atmosphere feedback are the potential causes for the double ITCZ problem in coupled models and AGCM simulations, based on the system- and component-level evaluations as well as the downscaling strategies in some recent research. Evaluations of simulated SAT and monsoons suggest that both coupled models and AGCMs show good performance in representing the SAT evolution and its variability over the past century in terms of correlation and wavelet analysis but poor at reproducing rainfall, and in addition, the AGCM alone is not suitable for monsoon regions due to the lack of air-sea interactions.

Key words

climate simulation evaluation forecast verification ITCZ surface air temperature monsoon 

Copyright information

© Chinese National Committee for International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bin Wang (王 斌)
    • 1
  • Xin Xie (谢 歆)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lijuan Li (李立娟)
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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