Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 986–998

Holocene climate evolution of the Ugii Nuur basin, Mongolia

  • Wolfgang Schwanghart
  • Brigitta Schütt
  • Michael Walther

DOI: 10.1007/s00376-008-0986-4

Cite this article as:
Schwanghart, W., Schütt, B. & Walther, M. Adv. Atmos. Sci. (2008) 25: 986. doi:10.1007/s00376-008-0986-4


In order to evaluate the Holocene palaeoenvironmental evolution of the Ugii Nuur basin, central Mongolia, investigations on chemical and mineralogical properties of lacustrine sediments were carried out on a 630 cm sediment core from lake Ugii Nuur. The interpretation of the record is based on a principal component analysis (PCA) of the elemental composition of the samples. The results show that lacustrine deposition started at 10.6 kyr BP. Low lake level conditions were identified during the Early Holocene (10.6–7.9 kyr BP). The Mid Holocene (7.9–4.2 kyr BP) was characterized by generally higher lake levels and thus higher moisture supply, but it experienced strong climatic fluctuations. Arid conditions prevailed from 4.2–2.8 kyr BP and were followed by a stable, more humid phase until today.

Key words

lake sedimentspalaeoclimateCentral AsiaMongoliaHolocene

Copyright information

© Chinese National Committee for International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Schwanghart
    • 1
  • Brigitta Schütt
    • 2
  • Michael Walther
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute of Geographical SciencesFreie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Mongolian Landscape Research CentreNational University of MongoliaUlaanbataarMongolia