Phosphorus mineralization and microbial biomass in a Florida Spodosol: effects of water potential, temperature and fertilizer application
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- Grierson, P., Comerford, N. & Jokela, E. Biol Fertil Soils (1999) 28: 244. doi:10.1007/s003740050489
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Phosphorus mineralization and microbial biomass were measured in the surface 5 cm of a Spodosol (sandy, siliceous hyperthermic Ultic Alaquod) from north-central Florida. Soils from fertilized and unfertilized plantations of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) were incubated at a range of water potentials (∼0, –3, –8, –10 and –1500 kPa) and temperatures (15 °C, 25 °C and 38 °C) for 14 days and 42 days. Increasing water potential and temperature increased specific P mineralization (mineralization expressed as a percentage of total P) regardless of fertilizer treatment. An increase in water potential from –10 kPa to –0.1 kPa resulted in an increase of between 38% and 239% in the concentration of KCl-extractable inorganic P, depending on incubation temperature and time. An increase in incubation temperature from 15 °C to 38 °C resulted in an increase of between 13% and 53% in KCl-extractable inorganic P. Changes in specific P mineralization with change in water potential or temperature were not affected by fertilizer application. This suggests that, although specific P mineralization was greater in the fertilized soils, environmental control of P mineralization was the same for both treatments. Specific P mineralization was most sensitive when soils were at higher water potentials, and decreased logarithmically to water potentials of between –3 kPa and –8 kPa. Specific P mineralization was relatively insensitive to changes in water potential when water potential was lower than –8 kPa. Microbial biomass C showed no consistent responses to changes of temperature or water potential and was not significantly correlated with specific P mineralization. Our results suggest that field estimates of P mineralization in these Spodosols may be improved by accounting for changes in soil water potential and temperature.